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Social Epistemology$
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Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, and Duncan Pritchard

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199577477

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577477.001.0001

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Scepticism and the Genealogy of Knowledge: Situating Epistemology in Time

Scepticism and the Genealogy of Knowledge: Situating Epistemology in Time

(p.51) 3 Scepticism and the Genealogy of Knowledge: Situating Epistemology in Time
Social Epistemology

Miranda Fricker (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The overarching purpose of this chapter is to illustrate the philosophical fruitfulness of expanding epistemology not only laterally across the social space of other epistemic subjects, but at the same time vertically in the temporal dimension. This chapter sets about this by first presenting central strands of Michael Williams's diagnostic engagement with skepticism, in which he crucially employs a Default and Challenge model of justification. The chapter then develops three key aspects of Edward Craig's “practical explication” of the concept of knowledge so that they may be seen to resonate positively with Williams's epistemological picture: the admixture of internalist and externalist features; the proto-contextualism; and, finally, the distinctively genealogical anti-skeptical impetus. In this way the chapter supports and augments the socialized anti-skeptical case mounted by Williams, and so shows that expanding epistemology in the temporal dimension can be a productive move in central debates in epistemology.

Keywords:   Craig, externalism, default, challenge, genealogy of knowledge, Michael Williams, skepticism

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