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Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena$
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Hidetoshi Nishimori and Gerardo Ortiz

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199577224

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.001.0001

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Phase transitions and critical phenomena

Phase transitions and critical phenomena

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Phase transitions and critical phenomena
Source:
Elements of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena
Author(s):

Hidetoshi Nishimori

Gerardo Ortiz

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577224.003.0001

As an introduction to the physics of phase transitions and critical phenomena, this chapter explains a number of basic and fundamental ideas such as phases, phase transitions, phase diagrams, universality, and critical phenomena. Especially important is the concept of order parameter, a quantity that measures the degree of asymmetry in the broken symmetry phase. Intuitive accounts are given to the concepts of coarse-graining, and scale and renormalization group transformations, which are powerful, systematic tools to analyze critical behaviour of macroscopic systems. Also explained are several spin and lattice gas model systems, on the basis of which phase transitions and critical phenomena will be studied.

Keywords:   phase transitions, critical phenomena, phase diagram, scale transformation, coarse graining, order parameter, broken symmetry, renormalization group, universality, lattice models

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