- Title Pages
- List of Contributors
- Chapter 1.1 Soil as a Habitat
- Chapter 1.2 Soil Biodiversity and Functions
- Chapter 1.3 Ecosystem Services Provided by the Soil Biota
- Chapter 2.1 From Single Genes to Microbial Networks
- Chapter 2.2 From Genes to Ecosystems: Plant Genetics as a Link between Above- and Belowground Processes
- Chapter 2.3 Delivery of Soil Ecosystem Services: From Gaia to Genes
- Chapter 3.1 Succession, Resource Processing, and Diversity in Detrital Food Webs
- Chapter 3.2 Patterns of Biodiversity at Fine and Small Spatial Scales
- Chapter 3.3 Linking Soil Biodiversity and Human Health: Do Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Contribute to Food Nutrition?
- Chapter 3.4 Ecosystem Influences of Fungus-Growing Termites in the Dry Paleotropics
- Chapter 3.5 The Biogeography of Microbial Communities and Ecosystem Processes: Implications for Soil and Ecosystem Models
- Chapter 3.6 Biogeography and Phylogenetic Community Structure of Soil Invertebrate Ecosystem Engineers: Global to Local Patterns, Implications for Ecosystem Functioning and Services and Global Environmental Change Impacts
- Chapter 4.1 Climate Change and Soil Biotic Carbon Cycling
- Chapter 4.2 The Impact of Nitrogen Enrichment on Ecosystems and Their Services
- Chapter 4.3 Urbanization, Soils, and Ecosystem Services
- Chapter 4.4 Management of Grassland Systems, Soil, and Ecosystem Services
- Chapter 5.1 Soil Productivity and Erosion
- Chapter 5.2 Agroforestry and Soil Health: Linking Trees, Soil Biota, and Ecosystem Services
- Chapter 5.3 Soil Health: The Concept, Its Role, and Strategies for Monitoring
- Chapter 5.4 Managing Soil Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services
- Chapter 5.5 Soil Ecosystem Resilience and Recovery
- Chapter 5.6 Applying Soil Ecological Knowledge to Restore Ecosystem Services
Soil Biodiversity and Functions
Soil Biodiversity and Functions
- (p.28) Chapter 1.2 Soil Biodiversity and Functions
- Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services
Gerlinde B. De Deyn
- Oxford University Press
Biodiversity in soil is immense, and many soil organisms and their functions are still unknown. Given that the size of soil organisms is linked to how they experience and change the chemical and physical properties of soil, this chapter introduces soil biota according to their size classes, ranging from microbes to macrofauna. It gives an overview of their main characteristics and functions, and of the techniques used to study their taxonomy and functionality. The chapter discusses the relationship of soil community composition and diversity to function within the different size classes, and finds that soil biotic composition is more likely an important driver of soil-mediated functions than diversity. It argues that a more holistic approach, including soil biota of different size classes and trophic levels, is needed in diversity-function research to bridge the gap between highly controlled experiments and the complex communities operating in nature. The chapter highlights that ecosystem processes and functions, as well as the activity and survival of soil organisms, depend on interactions between soil biota of different size classes and trophic levels at multiple spatial scales.
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