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The Medical WarBritish Military Medicine in the First World War$
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Mark Harrison

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199575824

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575824.001.0001

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War against nature: malaria in Salonika, East Africa, and the Middle East

War against nature: malaria in Salonika, East Africa, and the Middle East

(p.228) 6 War against nature: malaria in Salonika, East Africa, and the Middle East
The Medical War

Mark Harrison (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Of all the diseases encountered by the British army during the war, malaria was the most serious in terms of the drain on manpower. In Salonika, East Africa, and the Middle East, the army found itself in areas in which malaria was endemic or epidemic, and suffered heavy casualties among troops, labourers and carriers. The prevention of malaria was complicated by differences of opinion over how best to combat the disease, which were played out in the course of the First World War. However, the very different attitudes of commanders to the problem also affected their ability to prevent malaria casualties. This chapter looks at a hitherto neglected aspect of the malaria problem: the large number of men who returned from the war as psychiatric cases who were temporarily admitted to asylums for the insane.

Keywords:   African Carrier Corps, commanders, disease, disease prevention, East Africa, malaria, Middle East, psychiatric cases, Salonika

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