This chapter deals first with Marquard's representation of Christ's Passion. It argues that Marquard opposed the contemporary trend in fourteenth‐century devotional writing towards the elaboration of ever more ‘secret sufferings’ undergone by Christ. Instead he insisted on the conceptualization of Christ's sufferings as primarily interior and mental, experienced throughout his whole life, and caused by his bearing of the totality of all human sin. This unusual position is shown to be based directly upon Petrus Johannis Olivi's interpretation of the scriptural accounts of Christ's prayer in Gethsemane. Similar positions are identified in the works of other Franciscan Spirituals, notably Ubertino da Casale and Angela da Foligno. The chapter deals secondly with Marquard's writing on contemplation of the Passion. It considers his understanding of the relationship between Passion contemplation and access to the treasury of merits, and between Passion contemplation and mystical ascent.
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