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Emerging GiantsChina and India in the World Economy$
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Barry Eichengreen, Poonam Gupta, and Rajiv Kumar

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199575077

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575077.001.0001

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Pollution across Chinese Provinces

Pollution across Chinese Provinces

(p.281) 9 Pollution across Chinese Provinces
Emerging Giants

Catherine Yap Co

Fanying Kong

Shuanglin Lin

Oxford University Press

This chapter revisits the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis using 1987–95 data for Chinese provinces for six pollutants. A comparison of off-sample (1996–2004) predicted and actual emissions show that industrial COD per capita discharge rates have leveled off; however, actual industrial waste water and industrial dust per capita discharge rates in 1996–2004 were higher than the predictions. And, contrary to the predictions of the estimated income-emission regression model, actual industrial waste water emissions increase with income. Auxiliary regressions show that conditional on income, northern provinces have lower industrial waste water pollution; non-coastal and provinces with smaller secondary industry shares have lower industrial pollution; provinces with smaller SOEs shares have lower industrial COD pollution; and, commitment to control industrial dust pollution is correlated with local governments' budget balance.

Keywords:   China, pollution, environment, environmental Kuznets curve, Chinese provinces

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