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Borrowed WordsA History of Loanwords in English$
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Philip Durkin

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199574995

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574995.001.0001

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Historical and cultural background to c.1150

Historical and cultural background to c.1150

Chapter:
(p.53) 3 Historical and cultural background to c.1150
Source:
Borrowed Words
Author(s):

Philip Durkin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574995.003.0003

Studying loanwords is impossible without paying some attention to external, non-linguistic history as well as to purely internal linguistic factors. This chapter highlights some of the most important historical factors relevant to the early history of loanwords in English. The pre-history of the Anglo-Saxon invaders of Britain is considered, with an examination of contacts between the Germani and other peoples, including the Romans and Celts, in continental Europe. The social, cultural, and linguistic situation in Celtic and Roman Britain is considered, as well as the likely impacts of the arrival of the Anglo-Saxons. The conversion to Christianity is considered, as well as the successive impacts of Scandinavian raids and settlement. Finally, the changes brought about by the Norman Conquest are assessed.

Keywords:   Germani, Romans, Roman Britain, Celts, Scandinavian, Vikings, Anglo-Saxons, Norman Conquest

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