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Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-UpAn International Comparative Study$
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Hiroyuki Odagiri, Akira Goto, Atsushi Sunami, and Richard R. Nelson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199574759

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.001.0001

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Accumulation of Technological Capabilities and Economic Development: Did Brazil's IPR Regime Matter?

Accumulation of Technological Capabilities and Economic Development: Did Brazil's IPR Regime Matter?

Chapter:
(p.280) 9 Accumulation of Technological Capabilities and Economic Development: Did Brazil's IPR Regime Matter?
Source:
Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up
Author(s):

Roberto Mazzoleni

Luciano Martins Costa Póvoa

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0009

This chapter discusses Brazil. After a long period of decline, growth spurted during 1950–80 and, in 1968–73, the growth rate reached 11.2 percent. As three case studies illustrate, the patent system mattered little for Brazil's industrial development. The success of two national champions, Embraer (aircraft) and Petrobras (oil drilling), in building world‐class technological capabilities mostly derive from various government policies that promoted them, and the patent system neither helped nor hindered them. In the case of the pharmaceutical industry, where the patent system usually plays a more significant role, the 1969 patent law amendment to help domestic firms was not successful. Thus the chapter argues that a coherent government policy, including education policy and trade policy, rather than intellectual property policy, plays a much more significant role in deciding the rate and direction of the development of technological capabilities.

Keywords:   Brazil, patent, intellectual property, aircraft, oil, pharmaceutical, capability, development

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