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Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-UpAn International Comparative Study$
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Hiroyuki Odagiri, Akira Goto, Atsushi Sunami, and Richard R. Nelson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199574759

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.001.0001

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(p.412) 13 Conclusion
Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up

Hiroyuki Odagiri

Akira Goto

Atsushi Sunami (Contributor Webpage)

Richard R. Nelson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter concludes the book by summarizing the country studies to answer three questions. First, what is needed for catch‐up and how can government policies contribute to it? Second, how has the intellectual property right regime, in particular patents, been related to catch‐up and how should it be? And third, how will the process of catch‐up be affected by the TRIPS agreement? The studies suggest that IPR does affect catch‐up but the effects vary significantly across industries, with pharmaceuticals clearly being the industry most affected by patents whereas, in other industries, it sometimes appears that patents hardly matter. IPR is only one of the factors that influence the speed of catch‐up and other policies, such as education policy, industrial policy, and trade and FDI policy, can be more important. Accordingly, TRIPS may affect some industries, most likely pharmaceuticals, in some countries but otherwise may have little effect.

Keywords:   intellectual property, patent, TRIPS, pharmaceutical, catch‐up

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