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Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-UpAn International Comparative Study$
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Hiroyuki Odagiri, Akira Goto, Atsushi Sunami, and Richard R. Nelson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199574759

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.001.0001

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The Roles of IPR Regime on Thailand's Technological Catching Up

The Roles of IPR Regime on Thailand's Technological Catching Up

(p.378) 12 The Roles of IPR Regime on Thailand's Technological Catching Up
Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up

Patarapong Intarakumnerd

Peera Charoenporn

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the case of Thailand and argues that technological learning by firms has been slow and passive owing to three factors: the failure of the educational system to create a strong cadre of technically trained people, the inability of government to develop and enforce policies to enhance Thai firms to develop technological and innovative capabilities, and little pressure on multinationals to build and upgrade their technological and innovative capabilities locally. Thai intellectual property regime was, until the early 1990s, characterized by weak protection and yet it was not pro‐diffusion either. That is, it was not particularly favorable to catch‐up and the lack of preconditions did not help either, for instance, the absence of sufficient indigenous absorptive capacity of firms, the lack of mechanisms or coordinated policy for knowledge diffusion and utilization, and the environment in general not being favorable to innovation.

Keywords:   Thailand, intellectual property, learning, capability, diffusion, innovation, catch‐up, absorptive capacity

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