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Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-UpAn International Comparative Study$
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Hiroyuki Odagiri, Akira Goto, Atsushi Sunami, and Richard R. Nelson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199574759

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.001.0001

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Relationships between IPR and Technology Catch‐Up: Some Evidence from China

Relationships between IPR and Technology Catch‐Up: Some Evidence from China

Chapter:
(p.317) 10 Relationships between IPR and Technology Catch‐Up: Some Evidence from China
Source:
Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up
Author(s):

Lan Xue

Zheng Liang

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0010

This chapter discusses the catch‐up process of China post‐1949, especially after the initiative of “Open Doors” since 1978. Domestic firms adapted to the intellectual property right system through gradual innovation, especially using utility models, i.e. petty patents. Even though most Chinese firms have not been able to become true innovators, several succeeded in developing innovative capabilities, such as Huawei, a communication equipment manufacturer. The litigation brought by Cisco against Huawei stimulated the formulation and improvement of Huawei's IPR strategy and, gradually, Huawei has developed new collaborative relationships with multinationals. However, this case is rather exceptional and most inventions are carried out by a handful of large firms. China's patent system has played an important role in stimulating innovation for both multinationals and domestic firms even though its net impact on technology transfer and domestic firms' catch‐up is yet unclear.

Keywords:   China, intellectual property, patent, utility model, communication equipment, multinational, catch‐up

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