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The Royal Navy and the German Threat, 1901-1914Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany$
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Matthew S. Seligmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199574032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574032.001.0001

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Establishing a Global Intelligence System

Establishing a Global Intelligence System

Chapter:
(p.109) 6 Establishing a Global Intelligence System
Source:
The Royal Navy and the German Threat, 1901-1914
Author(s):

Matthew S. Seligmann

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574032.003.0007

In August 1906 Captain Henry Campbell was appointed head of the Trade Division of the Naval Intelligence Department and charged with producing a plan for protecting British seaborne commerce. To meet the threat of armed German liners, which he saw as the key danger, he proposed the establishment of a new worldwide intelligence network. The idea was to station reporting officers around the globe who could monitor German shipping movements and inform the Admiralty of the whereabouts of potential German raiders. Their position would thus always be known and, should war break out, British merchantmen could be routed away from danger and British warships vectored to meet the threat. The system, although initially strongly opposed by Admiral Fisher, was finally put into place in 1912 and served Britain well in two world wars.

Keywords:   Henry Campbell, Trade Division, Naval Intelligence Department, intelligence network, reporting officers

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