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The Royal Navy and the German Threat, 1901-1914Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany$
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Matthew S. Seligmann

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199574032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574032.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
The Royal Navy and the German Threat, 1901-1914

Matthew S. Seligmann

Oxford University Press

This chapter first sets out the current lines of debate over British naval policy before the First World War. The traditional or orthodox school of thought, typified by the works of Arthur Marder, argues that around 1902 the growing German navy replaced the navies of France and Russia to become the main threat to British maritime security in the eyes of the British Admiralty. A revisionist school argues that, because the German navy was composed of battleships and could not, therefore, target British trade, France and Russia remained the main opponents. This introduction contests both of these views. It proposes that Germany became a danger around 1902, not because of the growth of the German battle fleet but because Germany had a means of attacking British trade by arming its fleet of fast transatlantic liners. The Admiralty recognized this and devoted the next decade to developing countermeasures.

Keywords:   Arthur Marder, orthodox history, revisionist history, threat perception

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