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The Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia$
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Bert Swart, Alexander Zahar, and Göran Sluiter

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199573417

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573417.001.0001

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Complicity in Genocide and the Duality of Responsibility

Complicity in Genocide and the Duality of Responsibility

Chapter:
(p.247) 8 Complicity in Genocide and the Duality of Responsibility
Source:
The Legacy of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
Author(s):

Nina HB Jørgensen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573417.003.0009

In 2007, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) upheld the notion that the Genocide Convention provides for state as well as individual responsibility for genocide, referring to the ‘duality of responsibility’ under international law. According to the ICJ, the obligation on states extends to complicity in genocide. In the meantime, the ICTY considered the relationship between ‘complicity in genocide’ and ‘aiding and abetting genocide’ within the terms of its Statute, and essentially settled the law on aiding and abetting genocide. The analysis of both the ICJ and the ICTY illustrates how problematic the legal definition of complicity in genocide has proved to be both for individual and state responsibility. This chapter examines the ‘duality of responsibility’ with specific reference to complicity in genocide, exploring the extent to which the issues faced by the ICJ are analogues of issues the ICTY and the ICTR grappled with but left partially unresolved.

Keywords:   genocide, complicity, aiding and abetting, International Court of Justice, responsibility, joint criminal enterprise, perpetrator, accomplice, omission

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