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Childhood Obesity PreventionInternational Research, Controversies and Interventions$
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Jennifer A. O'Dea and Michael Eriksen

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572915

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 October 2019

A review of prevalence and trends in childhood obesity in the United States

A review of prevalence and trends in childhood obesity in the United States

Chapter:
(p.84) Chapter 7 A review of prevalence and trends in childhood obesity in the United States
Source:
Childhood Obesity Prevention
Author(s):

Cynthia L. Ogden

Margaret D. Carroll

Katherine M. Flegal

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572915.003.0007

In the United States, the prevalence of obesity among 2–19 year old children and adolescents tripled between 1980 and 1999. Between 1999 and 2008, however, the rate of increase slowed and the prevalence did not increase significantly. This chapter presents a review of published results on the obesity prevalence and trends between 1999–2000 and 2007–8 among US children and adolescents. These results are based on the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Obesity among children and adolescents 2–19 years of age is defined as BMI (weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) at or above the 95th percentile on the 2000 CDC sex-specific BMI-for-age growth charts. Although there were no significant linear trends in the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents between 1999–2000 and 2007–8, the prevalence remains high in the US. Almost 17% of children and adolescents were obese and significant disparities remain by race/ethnicity. These disparities may in part reflect differences in adiposity between race/ethnic groups. Disparities by income and education are not consistent. In the United States, the prevalence of obesity among 2–19 year old children and adolescents tripled between 1980 and 1999. Between 1999 and 2008, however, the rate of increase slowed and the prevalence did not increase significantly. Childhood obesity remains a health concern in part because obese children often become obese adults and can suffer from immediate health consequences such as elevated blood pressure, adverse lipid levels, and insulin resistance. The chapter also presents a review of published results on the obesity prevalence and trends between 1999–2000 and 2007–8 among US children and adolescents. These results are based on the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Changes in the population distribution of body mass index (BMI) and disparities in obesity prevalence are also presented.

Keywords:   overweight, obesity, children, adolescents, epidemiology, correlates, USA

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