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The Politics of Party FundingState Funding to Political Parties and Party Competition in Western Europe$
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Michael Koß

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199572755

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572755.001.0001

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Sweden: The Institutionally Invoked Consensus

Sweden: The Institutionally Invoked Consensus

Chapter:
(p.128) 8 Sweden: The Institutionally Invoked Consensus
Source:
The Politics of Party Funding
Author(s):

Michael Koß

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572755.003.0008

The most important variable facilitating the Swedish parties' consensus on state funding was the constitutional reform of 1970. The constitutional reform strengthened the position of the bourgeois parties since it rendered minority governments (during which the centre-right opposition parties enjoyed more influence both in parliamentary committees and commissions of enquiry) more likely. Furthermore, the constitutional reform was an incentive for the bourgeois parties to cooperate more closely. Put differently, they could adopt an office-seeking strategy, which in turn facilitated a consensus on state funding to political parties. Prior to 1970, the Social Democrats electorally and organizationally dominated to an extent that allowed them to marginalize its competitors in questions of party funding. Exploiting the coordinative discourse on political corruption, the Social Democrats were able to discredit business donations to the bourgeois parties, leaving these no other choice than to agree to state funding.

Keywords:   Sweden, constitutional reform, minority government, parliamentary committees, commissions of enquiry, office-seeking, coordinative discourse, political corruption

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