This chapter assesses how responsible the political parties' candidate selection process is for representation by analyzing the links between the various aspects that delineate candidate selection methods and representation. It argues that the various dimensions of candidate selection can each have an impact on different aspects of representation. The first section examines representation from a theoretical perspective, links it to the study of candidate selection, and presents two representation indices for cross‐national comparative research of party‐level representation. Then, the chapter assesses the relationship between each of the four dimensions of candidate selection and representation: the obstacles raised by candidacy requirements; the inclusiveness of the selectorate and representation; the social and territorial trade‐offs resulting from the decentralization of candidate selection; and the nature of the appointment/voting system vis‐à‐vis representation. The final section discusses the dilemma for those parties that aspire to democratize and be representative at the same time.
Keywords: candidate selection, political parties, democratization, representation, social representation, territorial representation, candidacy and representation, inclusiveness and representation, decentralization and representation, appointment and representation, voting systems and representation
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