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What is Criminology?$
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Mary Bosworth and Carolyn Hoyle

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199571826

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571826.001.0001

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Criminology, Accountability, and International Justice

Criminology, Accountability, and International Justice

(p.346) 23 Criminology, Accountability, and International Justice
What is Criminology?

William A. Schabas

Oxford University Press

International criminal justice has barely engaged with the discipline of criminology, and vice versa. Probably this is because the phenomenon of international crimes is viewed within the field as more a matter of politics than sociology. On the legal side, there is an attempt by some of the lawyers to exclude the social sciences, by reducing prosecution to absolute principles and dismissing the relevance of factors such as peace building, reconciliation, and social reinsertion of offenders. Sometimes this is done in the name of legal rigour and sometimes its proponents invoke the rights of victims as justification. This chapter argues that international criminal law could benefit from greater openness to the social sciences. Criminologists might break some paths here by developing more sophisticated approaches to the specifics of crime when perpetrated in time of conflict, or by brutal regimes.

Keywords:   criminology, international criminal justice, human rights, international crime, peace building, reconciliatin, social reinsertion

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