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Risorgimento in ExileItalian Émigrés and the Liberal International in the Post-Napoleonic Era$
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Maurizio Isabella

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199570676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570676.001.0001

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Cosmopolitan Patriots: Freedom and Civilization as Global Processes

Cosmopolitan Patriots: Freedom and Civilization as Global Processes

Chapter:
(p.92) 5 Cosmopolitan Patriots: Freedom and Civilization as Global Processes
Source:
Risorgimento in Exile
Author(s):

Maurizio Isabella (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570676.003.0006

While rejecting 18th-century notions of cosmopolitanism, the exiles believed that the independence of nations represented a step towards the universal expansion of freedom. They advanced a universal idea of civilization, which they identified with constitutionalism and free circulation of ideas and goods. Finally, they advocated the establishment of a new international order, based on the recovery of the balance of power destroyed by the Napoleonic wars, and the introduction of a new international legal system alternative to the Vienna settlement and of supranational institutions. It is argued that these views heavily influenced Mazzini's notion of the Europe of the nations, although he did not endorse the exiles' Kantian preoccupation with international law and supranational institutions.

Keywords:   cosmopolitan patriotism, internationalism, liberal interventionism, Kant, European federalism

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