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Risorgimento in ExileItalian Émigrés and the Liberal International in the Post-Napoleonic Era$
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Maurizio Isabella

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199570676

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570676.001.0001

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Greece and the Regeneration of the Mediterranean

Greece and the Regeneration of the Mediterranean

(p.65) 4 Greece and the Regeneration of the Mediterranean
Risorgimento in Exile

Maurizio Isabella (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter assesses the distinctive features of the exiles' Philhellenism as compared to its British and continental versions. It considers the contrasting in attitudes of Italian exiles and British liberals towards Greek and Mediterranean freedom. It argues that while the Italian exiles considered Greece to be a European country ready for independence and representative institutions, and justified any means which would achieve this goal, the Benthamites orientalized Greece, depicted it as a backward Asian country, and believed that it needed to be ‘educated’ before it could become independent. The greatest contribution of the Italian volunteers to European Philhellenism was the notion of Mediterranean sisterhood between Italy and Greece and the idea that underpinned Italian patriotism until the end of the century. The significance heroic martyrdom of Santorre di Santarosa, who became the most famous European Philhellenic icon after Byron, lay precisely in its capacity to combine the Risorgimento and the Greek struggle for emancipation in a single movement for freedom.

Keywords:   Philhellenism, London-Greek Committee, Ugo Foscolo, Parga, Santorre di Santarosa

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