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The GuardiansThe League of Nations and the Crisis of Empire$
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Susan Pedersen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199570485

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570485.001.0001

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Of Covenants and Carve-Ups

Of Covenants and Carve-Ups

(p.16) (p.17) One Of Covenants and Carve-Ups
The Guardians

Susan Pedersen

Oxford University Press

This chapter tracks the emergence of the mandates ideal as an Anglo-American project aimed at reconciling the imperial powers' annexationist desires and pressures for self-determination building up across the globe. It treats in turn the process of imperial conquest; the negotiations at the Peace conference; and the efforts by Jan Christaan Smuts, Alfred Milner, the American George Louis Beer, and others to win great power agreement for the mandates plan. It then tracks the collapse of those hopes as American support for the League project withered; shows how France then defeated Faysal's Syrian state; and details the tense construction of a new Anglo-French compact based on spheres of influence in the Middle East.

Keywords:   Paris Peace Conference, Treaty of Versailles, mandates, diplomacy, Wilson, Smuts, Beer, Sykes-Picot, Balfour declaration, Faisal

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