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Gender and Green GovernanceThe Political Economy of Women's Presence Within and Beyond Community Forestry$
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Bina Agarwal

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199569687

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569687.001.0001

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Rules and Rule‐Makers

Rules and Rule‐Makers

(p.217) 6 Rules and Rule‐Makers
Gender and Green Governance

Bina Agarwal

Oxford University Press

Rules for forest use determine what products are extracted from community governed forests, in what quantity, by what methods, and by whom. The rules framed, and who participates in framing them, can affect a community's commitment and incentive to protect and hence institutionalize sustainability, as well as the equity and conservation outcomes. Although this is well recognized in the literature on governing common pool resources, there is little work on gender differences in rule making. This chapter fills this conceptual and empirical gap. It examines why we might expect women to favour different extraction rules from men, and statistically tests whether the EC's gender composition affects the strictness of rules. This is analyzed both by specifying a strictness index that aggregates rules across products, and by examining rules for selected products. Strictness is found to vary significantly by the EC's gender composition, but the class of the women EC members also matters, as do factors such as the type of product, forest condition, the EC's average age and dominant caste, and the characteristics of forest users. The potential implications of the rules for equitable distribution, institutional sustainability and forest conservation are also discussed.

Keywords:   forest products, gender composition, institutional sustainability, rule making, strictness index

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