Chapter 1 defends a cosmopolitan theory of justice. It first sketches out a rights-based sufficientist theory of justice, whereby individuals have rights to the resources and freedoms which they need in order to lead a minimally decent life. Once the needy have those resources, it argues, the well-off have the autonomy-based right to pursue their goals and life-projects. The book then shows that all individuals, wherever they reside, have the aforementioned rights against everyone else, irrespective of the political community to which they belong or reside. Within that framework, cosmopolitan sufficientism is compatible with some degree of patriotic partiality towards the resident members of one's political community — precisely because a just world is one in which individuals do have the freedom to associate with whomever they wish and, once sufficiency is met, to allocate amongst themselves the benefits which result from their mutual cooperation. In so arguing, the chapter develops an account of group rights which makes sense of individuals' collective interest in self-determination, but remains firmly grounded in the interests of those communities' individual members. It also develops an account of state legitimacy.
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