Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
TobaccoScience, policy and public health$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Peter Boyle, Nigel Gray, Jack Henningfield, John Seffrin, and Witold Zatonski

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 October 2019

Interaction of tobacco with other risk factors

Interaction of tobacco with other risk factors

Chapter:
(p.597) Chapter 34 Interaction of tobacco with other risk factors
Source:
Tobacco
Author(s):

Albert B. Lowenfels

Patrick Maisonneuve

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0034

Tobacco exposure causes both malignant and non-malignant disease and has been estimated to be the aetiology of approximately 4% of the global burden of disease. Because of the frequency of smoking, it is predictable that smokers will be exposed to other factors that can have an independent deleterious effect on health. This chapter reviews the interaction of tobacco and four additional substances: alcohol, asbestos, radiation, and arsenic. Of these four exposures, alcohol is the commonest and has the strongest link to smoking. Alcohol is especially troublesome because a large proportion of the population has had recent exposure to both agents. For heavy smokers, dual exposure is extremely common. Synergistic effects of alcohol and tobacco exposure are seen for both malignant and non-malignant diseases.

Keywords:   cigarette smoking, tobacco use, risk factors, alcohol, asbestos, radiation, arsenic

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .