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TobaccoScience, policy and public health$
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Peter Boyle, Nigel Gray, Jack Henningfield, John Seffrin, and Witold Zatonski

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.001.0001

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Tobacco and cardiovascular disease

Tobacco and cardiovascular disease

Chapter:
(p.543) Chapter 31 Tobacco and cardiovascular disease
Source:
Tobacco
Author(s):

Konrad Jamrozik

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0031

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and cardiovascular disease. The smoking of tobacco is a major independent risk factor for life-threatening diseases in all four principal arterial territories. The totality of the evidence indicates that this relationship goes beyond statistical association to one of cause-and-effect. Most importantly, compared with other factors such as hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, and lack of physical activity, cessation of smoking requires a once-only change on the part of the individual, and a change to non-smoking is followed by a rapid and complete disappearance of the excess risk of ischaemic heart disease and stroke, the two most common fatal manifestations of arterial disease.

Keywords:   cigarette smoking, heart disease, disease risk, tobacco use, cardiovascular disease

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