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TobaccoScience, policy and public health$
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Peter Boyle, Nigel Gray, Jack Henningfield, John Seffrin, and Witold Zatonski

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566655

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.001.0001

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Tobacco use and risk of oral cancer

Tobacco use and risk of oral cancer

Chapter:
(p.393) Chapter 22 Tobacco use and risk of oral cancer
Source:
Tobacco
Author(s):

Tongzhang Zheng

Peter Boyle

Bing Zhang

Yawei Zhang

Patricia H. Owens

Qing Lan

John Wise

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0022

This chapter reviews epidemiological studies on the link between oral cancer and tobacco product use, including cigarette smoking, pipe tobacco and cigar smoking, and smokeless tobacco use (snuff dipping and chewing tobacco). In most studies, ‘oral cancer’ includes cancer of the tongue, mouth, and pharynx, with a few including the larynx. In 1986, an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Working Party concluded that there was sufficient evidence that tobacco was carcinogenic to humans and that the occurrence of malignant tumours of the upper digestive tract was causally related to the smoking of different forms of tobacco. IARC has also concluded that there is sufficient evidence that oral use of snuff of the types commonly used in North America and western Europe is carcinogenic to humans, and there was sufficient evidence that the habit of chewing betel quid containing tobacco was carcinogenic in humans. More recent epidemiological studies and experimental studies further support these conclusions. There is convincing evidence that a large attributable risk can be ascribed to the joint habits of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption.

Keywords:   cigarette smoking, oral cancer, cancer risk, tobacco use, smokeless tobacco, cigar smoking

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