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Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad$
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Daniel Garber

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199566648

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566648.001.0001

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Reforming Mechanism: Body and Force, Matter and Form (II)

Reforming Mechanism: Body and Force, Matter and Form (II)

(p.127) 4 Reforming Mechanism: Body and Force, Matter and Form (II)
Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad

Daniel Garber (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter continues the development of Leibniz's metaphysics of body connected with his physics. It discusses the way in which form and matter are transformed into active and passive force, and how the notion of extension, central to the Cartesian conception of body, becomes subordinated to notions of force. The question of the nature of matter is discussed, whether it is to be considered a feature of the perceptions of an immaterial substance, or whether it is to be considered as an independent principle. Finally, Leibniz's conception of force is compared with the notion of force that is introduced by Newton at about the same time.

Keywords:   Leibniz, metaphysics, motion, dead force, active force, passive force, resistance, matter, substantial form, vis viva

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