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Syntactic development, its input and output$
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Anat Ninio

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199565962

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565962.001.0001

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Input and output

Input and output

Chapter:
(p.105) Chapter 4 Input and output
Source:
Syntactic development, its input and output
Author(s):

Anat Ninio

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565962.003.0005

This chapter reviews the syntactic patterns specific to the Anglo-Saxon verbal vocabulary in endstate English, including periphrastic constructions for tense, aspect, questioning and negation, and phrasal lexemes functioning as complex predicates. The data emphatically support the conception of the three core grammatical relations — subject-verb, verb-object, and verb-indirect object — as formal structural roles without semantics of their own, rather than constituting meaningful ‘argument structure constructions’, either in the input or in the output. Such a syntactic system needs to be learned item by item; in addition, core syntactic knowledge does not seem to change its nature to schematic, abstract, and meaningful in adult speech either.

Keywords:   syntactic patterns, Anglo-Saxon verbs, endstate English, core syntactic knowledge, speech

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