This chapter examines the evidence for the economic exploitation of parks and provides an assessment of its significance. By contrast with the many studies which emphasize the importance of the material and agrarian uses to which parks were put, it argues that economic exploitation was only incidental to the creation of parks. Timber extraction, fuel wood production, fish and rabbit farming, stock-grazing, and venison production are all examined, as well as the limited extent to which active deer parks were used for arable farming. The idea of parks being used much more productively in the later middle ages is challenged.
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