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The Apocryphal Adam and Eve in Medieval EuropeVernacular Translations and Adaptations of the Vita Adae et Evae$
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Brian Murdoch

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199564149

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564149.001.0001

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The Holy Roman Empire and Beyond

The Holy Roman Empire and Beyond

(p.137) 4 The Holy Roman Empire and Beyond
The Apocryphal Adam and Eve in Medieval Europe

Brian Murdoch (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

There is a very broad tradition of the Vita Adae in medieval German in prose (as part of Historienbibeln and chronicles, and in a late text by Hans Folz), and in verse either independently or within rhymed chronicles. There is an extensive Old Testament poem by Lutwin including the apocryphal material, and the narrative influenced major literary works like Hartmann's Gregorius. There are some late folk plays recorded in the 19th century. Prose versions are known in Dutch. Although there is a separate Slavonic tradition of Adam legends, there are translations of the Latin text in Hungarian, Croatian, Bohemian, and Polish, sometimes in 16th-century printed books. The material was adapted into other works, including books about devils. One of the latter was translated from Polish into Russian.

Keywords:   medieval German, chronicles, Historienbibeln, Hans Folz, Lutwin, Hartmann, folk plays, medieval Dutch, Hungarian, Croatian, Bohemian, Polish literature, Russian

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