Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 November 2019

Land-Use and Surface-Cover as Urban Ecological Indicators

Land-Use and Surface-Cover as Urban Ecological Indicators

Chapter:
(p.19) Chapter 1.1 Land-Use and Surface-Cover as Urban Ecological Indicators
Source:
Urban Ecology
Author(s):

Stephan Pauleit

Jürgen H. Breuste

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0004

Land uses represent the different anthropogenic activities in a given area such as housing, commercial activities, transport, recreation, and farming. Surface cover is the physical result of land use as process. Ecosystem services, such as climatic energy exchange and hydrology, are clearly related to land use and land cover in urban areas. Therefore, urban planning and regulations that influence the spatial pattern and intensity of land use can have huge implications for the ecology of cities. The mapping of structural types/urban morphology types is presented in this chapter as an approach to characterise the spatial pattern and the physical character of the urban fabric. The approach is exemplified for the Greater Manchester conurbation, UK. Large differences could be observed in surface cover composition between the various urban morphology types. Densely built areas with a very low cover of evapotranspiring surfaces are town centres, large industrial and commercial areas, and transport infrastructures. Urban green spaces, woodlands, and farmland have a very high percentage cover of evapotransipring surfaces of more than 90% each. Urban land use and surface cover dynamics are mainly driven by the expansion of urban areas by urban sprawl, urban densification within urban areas but increasingly also the effect of population shrinkage and brownfield development. Analyses of land use and land cover dynamics and their impacts on ecological processes are important to underpin policies for urban sustainability.

Keywords:   land use, surface cover, ecosystem services, structural types, urban morphology types, surface cover dynamics, urban sprawl, densification

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .