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Urban EcologyPatterns, Processes, and Applications$
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Jari Niemelä, Jürgen H. Breuste, Thomas Elmqvist, Glenn Guntenspergen, Philip James, and Nancy E. McIntyre

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199563562

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.001.0001

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Composition and Diversity of Urban Vegetation

Composition and Diversity of Urban Vegetation

Chapter:
(p.103) Chapter 2.4 Composition and Diversity of Urban Vegetation
Source:
Urban Ecology
Author(s):

Christopher P. Dunn

Liam Heneghan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0013

The vegetation of urban areas is a key component of the ecology (and livability) of urban areas. Attempts to apply principles of vegetation ecology to the urban context, and to test ecological hypotheses such a island biogeography theory in an ‘unnatural’ setting, have had mixed results. Presented here is a discussion of the floristic (native and alien plants) attributes of urban vegetation, effects of patch or remnant size on composition and dynamics, the role of planted cityscapes and gardens in urban areas, drivers of change (including socio-economics) in the urban flora, and some thoughts of future research trends in urban vegetation ecology.

Keywords:   alien plants, gardens, island biogeography, urban flora

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