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A New History of IrelandEarly Modern Ireland 1534-1691$
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T. W. Moody, F. X. Martin, and F. J. Byrne

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199562527

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562527.001.0001

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The Cromwellian Regime, 1650–60

The Cromwellian Regime, 1650–60

Chapter:
(p.353) Chapter XIV The Cromwellian Regime, 1650–60
Source:
A New History of Ireland
Author(s):

Patrick J. Corish

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562527.003.0014

This chapter describes the Cromwell's regime after his successful campaign in the invasion of Ireland from 1649–50. In England, Cromwell made repeated and varied but unsuccessful attempts to reconcile his commitment to the ‘rule of the saints’ with his hankering after a return to a constitutional regime acceptable to the ‘political nation’. His government was a dictatorship depending ultimately on military force, and there was no one fit to succeed him. After the reconquest of Ireland, the most catastrophic land confiscation and social upheaval in Irish history followed, involving the expropriation of Catholic landowners, both Old English and Old Irish, on a vast scale, the transplantation to Connacht of most of those who survived, and an influx of English landowners and settlers to augment the New English element. This Cromwellian confiscation was substantially confirmed after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660.

Keywords:   Cromwell, land confiscation, Old English, Old Irish, Connacht, landowners

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