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Concepts in Thermal Physics$
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Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199562091

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.001.0001

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Relativistic gases

Relativistic gases

Chapter:
(p.290) 25 Relativistic gases
Source:
Concepts in Thermal Physics
Author(s):

Stephen J. Blundell (Contributor Webpage)

Katherine M. Blundell (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0025

This chapter repeats the derivation of the partition function for a gas, and hence of the other thermodynamic properties that can be obtained from it, but this time includes relativistic effects. It shows that this leads to some subtle changes in these properties which have profound consequences. It first reviews the full relativistic dispersion relation for particles with non-zero mass and then derives the partition function for ultrarelativistic particles.

Keywords:   relativistic dispersion, partition function, ultrarelativistic gas, adiabatic expansion

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