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Sports Injury Research$
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Evert Verhagen and Willem van Mechelen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199561629

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.001.0001

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Statistics used in observational studies

Statistics used in observational studies

Chapter:
(p.68) (p.69) Chapter 6 Statistics used in observational studies
Source:
Sports Injury Research
Author(s):

Will G. Hopkins

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.06

A variety of ways to express the incidence and prevalence of sports injury exists, of which the number of injuries per 1,000 hours of play is the most commonly used. There is no clear answer as to which description is the best. Each description, however, has its own benefits and drawbacks. Based upon existing published data this chapter shows what the different ways of expressing the outcome measure can do to the results. Additionally, the chapter shows ways of expressing and calculating the spread of the outcome measures, e.g. standard deviation and 95% confidence interval.

Keywords:   injury incidence, exposure, standard deviation, confidence interval, prevalence

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