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Sorrowful ShoresViolence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923$
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Ryan Gingeras

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199561520

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.001.0001

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Settling Accounts: Circassians, Albanians, and the Founding of the Turkish Republic

Settling Accounts: Circassians, Albanians, and the Founding of the Turkish Republic

Chapter:
(p.136) 6 Settling Accounts: Circassians, Albanians, and the Founding of the Turkish Republic
Source:
Sorrowful Shores
Author(s):

Ryan Gingeras (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0007

This chapter discusses state policies towards Albanians and North Caucasians during the first years of the Turkish Republic. The war decimated the population of the South Marmara and dramatically transformed its demographic makeup. The remaining Armenian and Greek populations of the region had either fled their homes by 1922 or were forcibly deported during the ‘Great Exchange’ of 1923. Both Circassians and Albanians shared similar fates in the war's aftermath. Thousands from of Circassians from the South Marmara fled to Greece, while thousands more were internally exiled to eastern Anatolia. Correspondingly, the republican government in Ankara gathered up thousands of Albanians and scattering them to the eastern portions of Anatolia. While the Turkish government was largely successful in eliminating the influence of the Circassian diaspora in the South Marmara, the flow and settlement of Albanian migrants proved unmanageable for the next twenty years.

Keywords:   population exchange, Treaty of Lausanne, Kemalism, Republic of Turkey, Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Kosovo, Circassians

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