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Sorrowful ShoresViolence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923$
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Ryan Gingeras

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199561520

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.001.0001

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Separatism, Violence, and Collaboration in Bandit Country: The South Marmara during the Greek Occupation

Separatism, Violence, and Collaboration in Bandit Country: The South Marmara during the Greek Occupation

Chapter:
(p.107) 5 Separatism, Violence, and Collaboration in Bandit Country: The South Marmara during the Greek Occupation
Source:
Sorrowful Shores
Author(s):

Ryan Gingeras (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0006

This chapter discusses the escalation of intercommunal violence during the Greek occupation of the South Marmara between 1920 and 1922. It takes a close look at the roles played by native Armenians and Greek paramilitaries who, under the patronage of the Greek military, executed several acts of violence upon the Muslim population of the region. The National Forces, after their retreat from the region in 1920, resorted to guerrilla tactics aimed at both evicting the occupying troops as well as disciplining Muslim civilians collaborating with the Greeks. Special attention is given to the issue of North Caucasian collaboration with the Greek occupation. Despite the service rendered by many local North Caucasian leaders to the Ottoman state, the progression of the conflict would drive many Circassians to form a separate state in the South Marmara.

Keywords:   separatism, massacre, intercommunal violence, foreign occupation, Greece, nationalism, refugees, Circassians

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