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Sorrowful ShoresViolence, Ethnicity, and the End of the Ottoman Empire 1912-1923$
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Ryan Gingeras

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199561520

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.001.0001

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Before They Became Turks: Immigration, Political Economy, and Identity in the Pre‐war South Marmara

Before They Became Turks: Immigration, Political Economy, and Identity in the Pre‐war South Marmara

Chapter:
(p.12) 1 Before They Became Turks: Immigration, Political Economy, and Identity in the Pre‐war South Marmara
Source:
Sorrowful Shores
Author(s):

Ryan Gingeras (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561520.003.0002

This chapter begins by taking up the constitution and ideology of the Ottoman Muslim elite at the outset of the First World War. After coming to power in 1908, the newly formed government under the direction of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) instituted a new wave of centralizing measures in the hopes of strengthening Istanbul's influence over the provinces. Central to this centralizing effort was the state's drive to manage and integrate the empire's incredibly diverse population. In order to emphasize the challenges confronting the CUP, as well as to set the stage for further discussions later on in the book, the chapter also surveys the interaction between the state and Armenians, Greeks, Albanians, and North Caucasians found in the South Marmara. Particular attention is paid to the social and political bifurcation between native Christians and immigrant Muslims, as well as internal complexities of these four communities.

Keywords:   Circassians, North Caucasians, Albanians, Armenians, Anatolian Greeks, Rum, Turkish nationalism, Committee of Union and Progress, Young Turks, Macedonia

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