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Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To ProtectWho Should Intervene?$
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James Pattison

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199561049

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.001.0001

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Representativeness and Humanitarian Intervention

Representativeness and Humanitarian Intervention

Chapter:
(p.129) 5 Representativeness and Humanitarian Intervention
Source:
Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect
Author(s):

James Pattison

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0005

This chapter makes the case for the moral importance of two factors that have, to a certain extent, been neglected in the literature on humanitarian intervention. First, it argues that an intervener's legitimacy depends on its ‘internal representativeness’. This requires an intervener's decision‐making on the proposed intervention to have internal support or, more precisely, to reflect the opinions of its citizens. Second, it argues that an intervener's legitimacy depends on its ‘local external representativeness’. This requires an intervener's decision‐making on the proposed intervention to have external support or, more precisely, to reflect the opinions of those subject to its intervention (and particularly the victims of the crisis and burdened bystanders). It presents six arguments for the importance of these two factors, three for the importance of an intervener's internal representativeness and three for the importance of its local external representativeness. The chapter concludes by largely rejecting the importance of a third potential factor—‘global external representativeness’.

Keywords:   burdens, external support, humanitarian intervention, internal support, opinions, representativeness, resources, self‐government, victims

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