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Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume IMorals, Politics, Art, Religion$
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Aaron Garrett and James A. Harris

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199560677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560677.001.0001

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Francis Hutcheson’s Philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment

Francis Hutcheson’s Philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment

Reception, Reputation, and Legacy

(p.36) 2 Francis Hutcheson’s Philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment
Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume I

Daniel Carey

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an account of the life and work of Francis Hutcheson. It charts his career from its beginnings in Dublin to the attempt to cement his place in British intellectual life that was his posthumously published A System of Moral Philosophy. Hutcheson’s ideas were not universally welcomed and acclaimed. Religious conservatives constantly challenged him even after he was elected to the Glasgow chair of moral philosophy. The chapter describes the rationalist critique of Hutcheson’s moral sense theory, the criticism levelled at his conception of natural benevolence by those who remained attached to philosophical egoism, and the complaints of those who, under the influence often of Joseph Butler, believed that Hutcheson’s ethics needed to be supplemented by a more substantial account of moral obligation.

Keywords:   Scottish Enlightenment, Scotland, philosophers, moral concepts, moral psychology, Francis Hutcheson, System of Moral Philosophy

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