Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Story of Semiconductors$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

John W. Orton

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199559107

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 May 2020

Silicon, Silicon, and yet more Silicon

Silicon, Silicon, and yet more Silicon

Chapter:
(p.93) Chapter 4 Silicon, Silicon, and yet more Silicon
Source:
The Story of Semiconductors
Author(s):

John Orton

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0004

This chapter describes the establishment of silicon as the dominant semiconductor in modern electronics. Not only was it the preferred material for the manufacture of integrated circuits, but also for the development of power devices. The invention of the integrated circuit by Jack Kilby at Texas Instruments is described, together with that of the planar IC by Robert Noyce at Fairchild Semiconductor. The subsequent growth of IC technology is outlined, depending very largely on the invention of the MOS transistor in 1960. A brief outline is given of silicon wafer production and the application of photolithography in defining IC patterns. Moore's Law is explained and a short discussion of Japanese successes in the IC business during the 1970s is interpolated. The parallel development of silicon power devices is described, together with a selection of typical applications. The chapter concludes with an account of some exciting developments in silicon physics, including the discovery of the quantum Hall effect.

Keywords:   silicon, integrated circuit, MOS transistor, power device, technology, photolithography, Moore's Law, quantum Hall effect

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .