Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Story of Semiconductors$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

John W. Orton

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199559107

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 11 July 2020



(p.1) Chapter 1 Perspectives
The Story of Semiconductors

John Orton

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a brief account of the basic properties of materials that give them semiconducting properties, while setting these materials and their technology in the context of (a) other materials such as bronze and steel and (b) the information age to whose development they have made a major contribution. The quantum theory of solids and, in particular, band theory, developed in the 1930s provided an explanation of metallic, insulating, and semiconducting behaviour, demonstrating the importance of the band gap between valence and conduction bands. The chapter explains the origin of electron and hole conduction, defines intrinsic and extrinsic conductivity, and describes the doping of semiconductors to produce n-type and p-type conduction. It ends with a brief account of the range of semiconductor materials that have been used in practical applications and emphasises the importance of purity and structural perfection in influencing semiconductor behaviour.

Keywords:   materials, semiconductors, metals, insulators, electron, hole, band gap, doping

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .