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Ancient Historiography and its ContextsStudies in Honour of A. J. Woodman$
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Christina S. Kraus, John Marincola, and Christopher Pelling

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199558681

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558681.001.0001

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Rome and Persia 357–9: The Role of Tamsapor

Rome and Persia 357–9: The Role of Tamsapor

(p.155) 9 Rome and Persia 357–9: The Role of Tamsapor
Ancient Historiography and its Contexts

Robin Seager

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with two aspects of Ammianus Marcellinus's account of the satrap Tamsapor's role in the renewal of hostilities between Rome and Persia on Rome's eastern frontier in AD 359. The first section argues that Tamsapor deliberately sabotaged the negotiations initiated by the prefect Musonianus in 357. The reactions and motives of Sapor II and Constantius II are also examined. The second section investigates the precise nature of Tamsapor's dealings with the Roman renegade Antoninus and his sponsorship of Antoninus at the Persian court. The chapter concludes by suggesting some reasons for Ammianus's interest in the episode.

Keywords:   Ammianus Marcellinus, Tamsapor, Persia, eastern frontier, Musonianus, Sapor II, Constantius II, Antoninus

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