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Carnivore Ecology and ConservationA Handbook of Techniques$
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Luigi Boitani and Roger A. Powell

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199558520

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558520.001.0001

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Mitigation methods for conflicts associated with carnivore depredation on livestock

Mitigation methods for conflicts associated with carnivore depredation on livestock

(p.314) 14 Mitigation methods for conflicts associated with carnivore depredation on livestock
Carnivore Ecology and Conservation

John D. C. Linnell

John Odden

Annette Mertens

Oxford University Press

Depredation, which often occurs wherever livestock and large carnivores with an appropriate body size ratio occur together, can represent significant losses for some producers, become a welfare problem for livestock, and fuel wider conflicts between humans and carnivores. There are many potential ways to reduce depredation on livestock, and an integrated approach that involves actions focused on both the carnivores and on the livestock, as well as economic instruments, is usually needed. The most successful husbandry approaches involve traditional herding systems (shepherds, guarding dogs, and night-time enclosures) or electric fences. It is crucial to consider the management of depredation within the context of the diverse socioeconomic objectives that livestock herding can have, including meat, milk, and wool production; rural policy; tradition; and maintenance of grazing-dependent habitats, with their associated biodiversity and aesthetic values.

Keywords:   human–wildlife conflict, livestock depredation, mitigation measures, conflict reduction

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