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Hegemony in International Society$
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Ian Clark

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780199556267

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556267.001.0001

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Hegemony in International Policy: The Climate Change Regime

Hegemony in International Policy: The Climate Change Regime

Chapter:
(p.206) 9 Hegemony in International Policy: The Climate Change Regime
Source:
Hegemony in International Society
Author(s):

Ian Clark (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556267.003.0010

The final case examines the policy arena of climate change. Is it now, as has been claimed, post-hegemonic? Or does the United States still occupy a strategic position, as the key facilitator of global action, and the leading veto power? The chapter demonstrates how the United States had a major impact on the Kyoto Protocol, and also on its effectiveness when it decided to leave: it was hegemonic, both in and out of the Protocol. The main focus of the chapter is the composition of any emerging hegemony in the field, and the extent of its legitimacy constituency. One view has it that the USA remains pivotal as a potential broker between the developed world and the G77. Another sees its contribution in terms of becoming a role model for a post-carbon economy. From this perspective, it considers the possible role—and problems—of action driven by various coalitions of the willing. Could the United States and China cooperate together? What is the potential of the Major Economies Forum to become the main driver of climate action? Should the C5 acting to produce the Copenhagen Accord be viewed as a collective hegemony, or as an embryonic coalitional form? Much depends on its evolving relationship with the UNFCCC, and the complex legitimacy dynamics in play in the climate change arena.

Keywords:   BASIC, carbon, Copenhagen Accord, Kyoto Protocol, Major Economies Forum, UNFCCC

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