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Uganda's Economic ReformsInsider Accounts$
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Florence Kuteesa, Emmanuel Tumusiime-Mutebile, Alan Whitworth, and Tim Williamson

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199556229

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556229.001.0001

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Overview of Ugandan Economic Reform since 1986

Overview of Ugandan Economic Reform since 1986

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 Overview of Ugandan Economic Reform since 1986
Source:
Uganda's Economic Reforms
Author(s):

Alan Whitworth

Tim Williamson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556229.003.0001

This synthesis chapter draws out the main findings from the individual chapters. After much agonizing over the direction of economic policy, three fundamental reforms between 1990 and 1992 —legalization of the parallel foreign exchange market, liberalization of coffee marketing, and the establishment of fiscal discipline — brought macroeconomic stability. Together with trade liberalization and privatization, Uganda was set on the road to a liberal, capitalist economy. Concern that growth was bypassing the poor led to a focus on poverty reduction between the mid 1990s and early 2000s. Measures such as decentralization, the Poverty Eradication Action Plan, the Medium Term Expenditure Framework, the Poverty Action Fund, and Sector Working Groups succeeded in attracting increased aid and channeling it into poverty reduction. Sound economic management and a clear commitment to poverty reduction together explain why Uganda was the first beneficiary of both HIPC debt relief and the shift from project aid to budget support. The resulting increase in public service delivery contributed to rapid poverty reduction. The pace of reform has eased since 2002. The chapter concludes by emphasizing the crucial importance of political support for successful economic reform.

Keywords:   liberalization, fiscal discipline, poverty reduction, aid, debt relief, budget support, political support

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