Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Joan E. Taylor

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780199554485

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554485.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 January 2020

The History of the Dead Sea

The History of the Dead Sea

Chapter:
(p.204) (p.205) 9 The History of the Dead Sea
Source:
The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea
Author(s):

Joan E. Taylor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554485.003.0009

1 Sources on the Dead Sea provide an account of the development and exploitation of the area from the Bronze Age to the Roman period, indicating a struggle for control over the rare commodities of asphalt, balsam, minerals and date palms, as well as healing resources. Sources reviewed are: Genesis, Aristotle, Hieronymous of Cardia, Theophrastus, Xenophilus, Eratosthenes, Posidonius, Diodorus Siculus, Pompeius Trogus, Strabo, Philo of Alexandria, Josephus, Pliny, Dio Chrysostom, Tacitus, Pausanias, Claudius Ptolemy. These can be related to the archaeology of the Dead Sea area, and the development of sites such as Jericho, Alexandrium, Phasaelis, Cypros, Threx, Taurus, Doq, Livias, Heshbon, Machaerus, Callirhoe, Hyrcanus, Zoara, Masada and En Gedi, and unnamed sites such those found at Rujm el-Bahr, Qumran, Ein Feshkha, Kh. Mazin, Ein et-Turabeh, Ein el-Ghuweir, Kh. Qazone and En Boqeq. The conclusions reached are the balsam was developed as a lucrative crop in Gilead, and taken over by the Nabataeans, but with the rise of the Hasmonean dynasty - especially since developments under Alexander Jannaeus in the 1st part of the 1st century bce, the Dead Sea area and its resources became Judaean. While some territory returned to Nabataea, Herod consolidated his holdings with new establishments and palace-fortresses. In 135 CE, in quashing the Second Revolt, Roman forces annihilated a large part of the Jewish population of the Dead Sea, creating a huge watershed in Jewish history in this region.

Keywords:   Essenes, Dead Sea, archaeology of Dead Sea, asphalt, balsam, date palms, healing resources, Alexander Jannaeus, Second Revolt

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .