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Innovation, Path Dependency, and PolicyThe Norwegian Case$
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Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, and Bart Verspagen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199551552

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.001.0001

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The Development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System: A Historical Overview

The Development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System: A Historical Overview

Chapter:
(p.179) 7 The Development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System: A Historical Overview
Source:
Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy
Author(s):

Ole Andreas Engen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0007

This chapter addresses the development of the Norwegian Petroleum Innovation System. While the initial phase of the petroleum development of Norway in the 1960s was characterized by an absorptive capacity of receiving new technology, the building of Norwegian competence in the 1970s and 1980s was, in certain respects, directly shaped by public policy so that participatation could occur. With the Condeep design it became possible to speak of an independent Norwegian petroleum industry. In the R&D system of Norway, petroleum education and research were introduced at several levels. Due to new cost-efficient technologies introduced in the 1990s, we may say that the adjustment was concluded by the beginning of 21st century. The Norwegian oil and gas actors perceived themselves ready to participate fully in the international system of energy producers.

Keywords:   Norwegian petroleum industry, historical development, public policy, Condeep design

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