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Innovation, Path Dependency, and PolicyThe Norwegian Case$
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Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, and Bart Verspagen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199551552

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.001.0001

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Policies for Path Creation: The Rise and Fall of Norway's Research-Driven Strategy for Industrialization

Policies for Path Creation: The Rise and Fall of Norway's Research-Driven Strategy for Industrialization

Chapter:
(p.89) 4 Policies for Path Creation: The Rise and Fall of Norway's Research-Driven Strategy for Industrialization
Source:
Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy
Author(s):

Olav Wicken

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0004

This chapter discusses the role of public policy in creating a new path in the Norwegian economy. It argues that the policy to support industrial R&D from the 1960s was part of a strategy to establish a R&D intensive industrialization. This was the main motivation for the introduction of a public policy for industrial research, and as long as this policy was accepted there was to be a long-term growth in public support for industrial R&D. When path creation was no longer a central part of policy making, the industrial research based strategy collapsed. This is seen as a factor behind the relatively low R&D intensity in the Norwegian economy compared to other Nordic countries like Sweden and Finland.

Keywords:   National Innovation System, NIS, path creation, research-driven, industrialization, R&D, public policy

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