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Innovation, Path Dependency, and PolicyThe Norwegian Case$
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Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery, and Bart Verspagen

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199551552

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.001.0001

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Slow Growth and Revolutionary Change: The Norwegian IT Industry Enters the Global Age, 1970-2005

Slow Growth and Revolutionary Change: The Norwegian IT Industry Enters the Global Age, 1970-2005

Chapter:
(p.264) 10 Slow Growth and Revolutionary Change: The Norwegian IT Industry Enters the Global Age, 1970-2005
Source:
Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy
Author(s):

Knut Sogner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0010

This chapter concludes that although the Norwegian IT industry has been lacking in export success for the last thirty years, it has been important for the development of the Norwegian economy. Several IT companies have been on the verge of international breakthroughs, but have been stopped by rising costs and guided by national opportunities. The rise of the important oil-sector has been both a hindrance through rising costs, and an opportunity as a market, for the Norwegian IT industry. Specialised products for national markets rather than general mass-market products have become the norm for the Norwegian IT industry. This development had to a remarkable degree been associated with continuity in terms of organizations and people. The firms these people and organizations have been attached too, however, have experienced turbulence, bankruptcy, and change, making the whole development from 1970 until today a seemingly messy and problematic affair. But this has really been a period of IT industry growth, and in the end the national development is reasonably successful.

Keywords:   electronics industry, Norway, revolution, growth and development, mass-market products

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